sábado, 26 de diciembre de 2015

HEALTH AND ILLNESS
In this unit, you will study diseases such as infectious, contagious and non-contagious diseases; the causes and the treatment needed; the ways to prevent these diseases.
How can you lead a healthier life? It is very important you adopt healthy eating habits and be aware of the dangers of too many hours spent in front of a screen, nintendo, wifi o ps4. Have a responsible attitude towards your body :)

  • Why people are living longer nowadays? Think about things that doctors and hospitals have now that didn´t exist 100 years ago such as wider access to medical treatment, clean drinking water, better sanitation, advances such as x-rays, vaccinations, antibiotics, blood transfusions...
  • What is a first aid and what it is used for? Emergency given immediately after an accident.
  • What are these things used for? PAINKILLER (to stop pain), THERMOMETER (to measure temperature), EARPLUGS (to protect ears from noise or water), ANTIBIOTICS (to fight infections) X-RAYS (to see inside the body) and HELMET(to protect the skull).
Here you have a list of words you must study :)

DISEASES AND ILLNESSES
Your are going to learn about infections and contagious diseases (they are caused by pathogens); how diseases are spread; you will distinguish diseases caused by bacteria and virus. You also will study non-infectious diseases and compare them to infectious diseases.

EXPLAIN THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN INFECTIOUS AND NON-INFECTIOUS DISEASES.
HOW DO INFECTIOUS DISEASES SPREAD?
10 INGENIOUS WAYS TO FIGHT OFF THE SNIFFIES :)
  1. Warm your nose.
  2. Don´t shake hands.
  3. Wash clothes on a hot cycle.
  4. Cut down on sugar.
  5. Get eight hours´ sleep.
  6. Observe the two-seat rule.
  7. Ditch the sanitiser.
  8. Wash out your nose with salt water.
  9. Exercise moderately.
  10. Take vitamin D supplements.
CLICK HERE TO WATCH THE VIDEO 
NON-INFECTIOUS DISEASES
They are not caused by organisms, and therefore, cannot be spread from person to person. They are caused by factors such as environment, unhealthy lifestyle, genetics, vitamin deficiency or organ malfunction.
Here you have some of them:
  • ALLERGY
  • HEART DISEASE
  • MENTAL DISEASES
  • CANCER
  • DIABETES
TIPS TO STAY HEALTHY
  1. Eat healthy
  2. Do exercise
  3. Sleep enough
  4. Keep clean
  5. Prevention is better than cure
  6. Game over!
  7. Say no!
SUMMARY

TYPES OF DISEASES
  • INFECTIOUS DISEASES (caused by pathogens): tetanus, salmonellosis, conjunctivitis, pneumonia, tonsillitis, measles, mumps, chickepox, flu, colds. papilloma, AIDS, malaria, salmonella.
  • NON-INFECTIOUS DISEASES: allergies, cancer, mental diseases, diabetes, heart disease.
HEALTHY HABITS
  • DO´S: healthy diet, exercise, sleep, medical check-ups, cleanliness.
  • DON´TS: alcohol, tobacco, excessive use of video games.
SCIENTIFIC ADVANCES
  • PREVENTION: vaccination, healthy life style.
  • DIAGNOSIS: X-ray, blood and urine tests, electrocardiographs, ultrasound, CT scans and electroenphalographs.
  • TREATMENT: antibiotics.
  • SURGERY: anaesthesia, microsurgery, keyhole surgery.
  • OTHER ADVANCES: blood transfusions, insulin, pacemakers, organ transplant, test-tube babies, cloning and human genome DNA.




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